Lyonel Feininger

(1871-1956)

Lyonel Feininger was born in 1871. He traveled to Hamburg, Germany in 1887, originally to study music but quickly turned to art, studying at the Berlin Academy. Feininger was a Cubist painter who depicted modern life and architecture such as cathedrals, factories and harbors. He infused his subjects with emotional color, which was meant to be evocative. Feininger worked as an illustrator, cartoonist and also crated children's books. In 1919, Feininger was invited to join the faculty of the Bauhaus, where he taught until Hitler shut it down in 1933. A few of his paintings were confiscated by the Nazis and shown at the "Degenerate Art Show" in Munich, 1937. Feininger was part of "The Blue Four", along with Kandinsky, Klee and Von Jawensky. His work added dimensions in space though the use of light. Feininger successfully fused Cubism with Expressionism. He died in 1956.