Jasper Francis Cropsey

(1823-1900)

Jasper Cropsey, born in 1823, was a landscape painter and architect. At the age of 13, Cropsey won a diploma from the Mechanics Institute for a house model he constructed. This achievement gained him entry into the architecture office of Joseph Trench, where he worked from 1837-1842. By 1844, Cropesy began to paint full time and spent the next three years in Europe. Cropsey studied landscape painting under Edward Maury and was later associated with the Hudson River School. Cropsey was well known for his brilliant use of color in autumnal landscapes on canvases sometimes reaching nine feet long. In the 1850s, he produced more allegorical and imaginary landscapes with complex themes, which he found could be expressed effectively in serial painting. "The Spirit of War" depicted battle as a mighty medieval fortress among geological peaks that stood dark and turbulent against a vivid sunset. This painting was exhibited with "The Spirit of Peace" in various cities for six years. As an architect, Cropsey designed and superintended the Victorian style 6th Ave elevated stations in New York City. He died in 1900.